Back pain is a typical complaint at some point in most people’s lives. In fact, it is one of the most commonly used reasons to miss work or visit a doctor. It is possible for anyone, at any age, to develop back pain. The most common explanations for back pain include heavy lifting, excess body weight and not enough exercise. There are measures that can be taken to reduce and prevent the majority of back pain issues.
Various treatments can help heal the problem in a matter of weeks and return complete functionality. It is not common to undergo surgery for back pain. Back pain symptoms include stabbing pain, shooting pain, muscle ache, pain from the neck to the leg, limited range of motion, limited flexibility and posture problems. Back pain can occur without any exact cause. Conditions that are typically associated with back pain include:
- Ligament or Muscle Strain – Just one strange movement can cause spinal ligaments and back muscles to strain. This can also be caused by continuous heavy lifting. Individuals who have a weak physical condition may experience aching muscle spams due to back strain.
- Ruptured or Bulging Disks – Disks can be thought of as spinal bone cushioning. It is possible for soft internal disk material to press and damage a nerve or protrude out of place. However, ruptured or bulging disks found on an X-ray do not guarantee back pain. Many disk diseases are found in patients that have zero pain back and underwent X-Ray for completely unrelated reasons.
- Skeletal abnormalities – Back pain can happen if your spine is positioned, or curved, in an irregular way. Scoliosis is a condition that causes ones spine to curve to either side, which can cause immense back pain. However, immense pain from scoliosis only happens if the case is severe.
- Osteoporosis – Brittle bones can cause fractures due to compression on the spine’s vertebrae.
Though some types of back pain are associated with the entire spine and back, there are often differences in lower and upper back pain.
Lower Back Pain
The lower back is made up of many interconnected parts, including muscle, tendons, soft issues, nerves, nerve roots, spinal discs and joints. Issues with any of these parts are the main cause of lower back pain and radiating pain to other areas of the body. Lower back pain can be very painful and several symptoms can turn into chronic issues.
Though lower back pain is quite common, the differences in symptoms and severity can significantly vary. In order to treat the issue, patients have to have the symptoms identified and diagnosed. It is difficult to find out which is the best method of pain relief without doing so.
Upper Back Pain
Upper back pain is not your typical spinal problem, though it can lead to severe discomfort when it does happen. Upper back pain is often caused by joint dysfunction and muscular irritation. In some cases, the cause of upper back pain is an injured or degenerated disk. The thoracic spine (otherwise known as the upper back) is formed and functions differently than the neck and lower back. The upper back assists us in ability to stand upright and protects our chest’s vital organs.